Side reactions may occur

Practical yield: The amount of substances we get practically from the reaction

Theoretic yield: The amount of substances we expect to get form the reaction

The percentage yield (the percentage of practical yield)

100 x Practical yield

Theoretical yield

Example:-

39.4 gm of solid barium sulphate BaSO4 precipitated when 40 gm of barium chloride solution BaCl2 reacted with potassium sulphate. Calculate the percentage yield of barium sulphate

Solution

2BaCl2 + 2KSO4 à 2BaSO4 + 2KCl

Mole of BaCl2 = 137 + 35.5 + 35.5 = 208 gm

Mole of BaSO4 = 137 + 32 + 16+16+16+16 = 233 gm

The no. of BaCl2 moles = mass of substance / molar mass = 40/208 = 0.19 mol

2 moles of BaCl2 à 2 moles of BaSO4

0.19 mole of BaCl2 à 0.19 mol of BaSO4

The mass of BaSO4 = 0.19 x molar mass = 0.19 x Side reactions may occur 233 = 44.8 gm

The practical yield = 39.4 gm

The theoretical yield = 44.8 gm

The percentage yield = the practical yield / the theoretical yield x 100

= 39.4/44.8 x 100 = 87.95%

1- Chemical equation:The representation of chemical reaction using

chemical symbols,. formulas of reactants and products, and the conditions of it

2- Avogadro's number: The no. of ions, molecules and atoms in one mole of matter (6.02x1023 matter unit/mole)

3- Mole: The mass of atoms, molecules, or formula units of matter in grams which contain Avogadro's number of them

4- Avogadro's law: Equal volumes of gases in the same conditions of pressure and temperature have the same no. of molecules

5- Gay-Lussac's law: The volumes of Side reactions may occur reactant and product gases have certain volumes expressed in whole number

6- Empirical formula: The formula that describe the simplest ratio between the atoms of the elements forming the compound molecules

7- Molecular formula: The symbolic formula of the molecule of a compound which describes the kind and the actual no. of the atoms forming that molecule

8- Practical yield: The amount of substances we get practically from the reaction

9- Theoretical yield: The amount of substances we expect to get form the reaction


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Документ Side reactions may occur